I don’t know about you but I am on a journey to a more sustainable and plastic free future. Encouraged by my kids I started to look around me and I was dismayed at the plastic I found. We are hearing much more about the problem of plastic these days. People are talking about banning plastic carry bags, cafes are opting for biodegradable coffee cups, the Queen has decided to ban plastic drinking straws on her estates. We hear regularly about the effects of plastic in the ocean, and we keep hearing about the great plastic island floating in the Pacific. Children are learning about it at school through things like Enviro Schools, and parents are encouraged to pack plastic free/packaging free lunchboxes. At the same time we (as a country) are grappling with how to recycle the plastic we consume – particularly now that China has decided not to continue taking all our recycling.
We kiwi’s get through a lot of plastic each year. Take single use plastic carry bags as an example. Did you know that it is estimated that we get through a staggering 1.29 billion single use plastic bags every year? New World and Countdown have both announced that they are going plastic bag free. Pak’n Save already charges for bags. Our local New World has started stocking reusable produce bags recently. But this is really only the very beginning, because plastic is everywhere. Supermarket bags are only the tip of the iceberg.
When I say plastic is everywhere, I mean everywhere. When I started this journey to reduce my plastic consumption over a year ago, I knew there was a lot of plastic coming into our house each time I went grocery shopping, but I underestimated just how hard it would be to avoid it, even for a short time. I challenge you to take a minute next time you are in the supermarket and wander up and down the aisles looking for things that are completely plastic free. It’s hard, even things where plastic packaging is completely unjustified are swathed in it. The cucumbers are in plastic wrap. Lettuces and spring onions come in plastic bags. At the bulk bins there are plastic zip-lock bags. We put our produce into single use plastic produce bags. Even glass jars with metal lids are likely to contain a plastic lid lining or seal of some kind. Tins are often lined with plastic. Toothpaste may come in a cardboard box, but it is still in a plastic tube with a plastic lid. Many cardboard packets contain hidden plastic trays or bags. The list just goes on and on. Fruit comes in plastic bags or hard plastic punnets. I emailed Yummy to ask if the stickers on their fruit are biodegradable. They replied that they are not.
Actually the plastic problem affects much more than the supermarket bought items coming into you home. Clothing is also often made from synthetic fabrics that lose plastic microfibers into our rivers and oceans every time you wash them. Oceanic plastic pollution is beginning to affect the food chain too. Many of the fish we eat have consumed plastic. It affects fish in New Zealand waters. Studies have even found it in dried fish. Alarmingly, zooplankton have been filmed eating plastic micro fibers. Next time you look at your plastic dish brush and decide it is looking worse for wear with broken bristles. Have you ever thought where the fragments of those broken plastic bristles have gone? The answer is straight down the drain and anything fine enough to pass the treatment plant, goes straight into our waterways and ultimately the ocean. Try a plastic free alternative next time you replace your dish brush.
Often plastic is used for no obvious reason, for example, the other day I purchased some free range chicken at my local New World. It came in a plastic tray, and was covered with plastic cling film. Air tight and water tight, there was no chance of stray meat juice escaping from this packaging. When I got it home I was frustrated to discover that once the cling film was removed there was another heat sealed plastic film covering the tray. It was perfectly intact, airtight and leak proof. Why two layers of plastic? Here’s another example. Earlier this year I bought a pack of two erasers. They came on a cardboard backing enclosed in plastic like batteries do. Inside were two individually plastic-wrapped erasers. I have no clue why erasers have to be double packed in two separate plastic layers. Perhaps it should also have come with a plastic sticker on the package saying “sealed for your protection”! Things like this (and non-biodegradable stickers of fruit) make me really angry. We just don’t need this kind of plastic packaging, but it is very hard to avoid. I don’t think many people are thinking about the sea or the food chain when they become unwitting consumers of plastic as they feed their families. For most people the plastic problem is out of sight – out of mind. Some times you need a jolt to bring you up short and help you to face reality. For us that jolt was Mana Island.
Last month we were privileged to be able to take our two youngest children on a Kiwi Conservation Club trip to Mana Island. This science reserve is not open to the public, you have to be a volunteer or work on the Island to visit. It was a really wonderful trip. There were about 17 enthusiastic kids and about 15 parents all heading out on the boat to learn and contribute our time and energy. Our work for the morning was a beach clean-up. Looking at the beach when we arrived I saw lots of paua shells, sea weed, driftwood, and the grey rounded beach stones and sand that you expect on beaches around Wellington. I didn’t see any obvious sign of litter or plastic. It just looked like a wild, windswept, empty, clean beach – but I wasn’t looking closely. We walked back to the ranger station with DOC Rangers Otis and Caitlin who pointed out penguin tunnels and tracks criss-crossing the vegetation. Then the group was divided into older and younger kids and the older kids went off to track down takahe inland with the Rangers.
The younger kids broke into two groups with two huge sacks each. One group headed south, and our group headed north. I was a bit skeptical about how much we would find on that beach, since it seemed pretty pristine when we arrived. I wondered how long it would take the children to tire of this activity and start to complain. Picking things up is not usually an activity that kids are enthusiastic about. Ask any teacher or parent, and they will tell you that picking up anything causes all kinds of reasons why they shouldn’t have to do it!
But these kids embraced this beach cleaning activity with enthusiasm and gusto. The parents were just as keen. We all wandered along the beach eyes down scanning the stones and paua shells for signs of plastic. It took a few minutes for me to spot my first piece of plastic – a yogurt pottle caught under a bit of driftwood. It was white and I almost mistook it for a sun-bleached shell. Then, suddenly everyone seemed to be finding things. The kids made friends while they searched, imaginatively using sticks as ‘plastic detectors’. The sacks rapidly filled with a huge assortment of plastic. Chocolate bar wrappers, old shoes, a dolls leg, fishing line, sunglasses, plastic rope, water bottles, pump bottle lids, milk bottle lids, soft drink bottles, water bottles, ice-cream containers, margarine containers, meat trays, cigarette lighters, felt pens, plant pots, straws, McDonalds ice-cream sundae cups, single use takeaway sauce containers, cable ties, plastic farm animals, plastic strapping, bubble wrap, cling film, a toothpaste tube, fragments of plastic so brittle it broke apart in your fingers, and so many yogurt pots I lost count. We found a huge piece of plastic about a meter across that was branded with the name Talley’s. This long list is only a fraction of what we found. Nameless bits of plastic that couldn’t be identified were everywhere. This plastic litter was concealed between beach stones, under driftwood, and caught under low beach scrub where the wind and waves had tossed it. Those penguin tracks we saw when we arrived often contained windblown plastic flotsam and jetsam. I have never been so ashamed of my plastic consumption as I was on that beach. After just one hour we had filled our sacks full to the brim with plastic. If it is hard for us (who know what plastic is) to spot plastic on what seems to be an ordinary beach, how can we expect birds and fish to avoid it?
It was an eye opener. My kids enjoyed every minute of it. It felt good to be picking it up, like we were undoing just a little bit of the damage we have caused with our plastic consumption. My bird crazy 7 year old said wistfully that she wished we could have walked around the whole Island and “cleaned all of the beach”, not just a little section. My 5 year old son insists that we pick up the plastic he sees on the way home from school each day. In a 15 minute walk from my house to the school I can easily pick up a supermarket bag of plastic rubbish. I do this regularly. On Mana Island the rubbish floated there, but around our towns it gets there because people drop it, sometimes within sight of a rubbish bin.
I am so frustrated by needless plastic packaging. I have very little say over whether I get it or not, most of the time it is close to impossible to find an alternative in the mainstream shops. I’m also frustrated by how hard it is to find plastic-free alternatives to things like toothbrushes when I’m in the supermarket.
We have to do something! We have to do it fast too. Our clothes, our shoes, our food, our kids toys, our bags, our dish brushes, our straws, actually our whole lives are now enveloped in plastic. But you can make changes. Repair, reuse, reduce, recycle. Say no to plastic. If every one of you who read this blog contacted a company who is using needless single use plastic and let them know you aren’t happy, or contacted a company to ask if they have considered an alternative to plastic packaging, then together we could let these companies know that we want change. They won’t change unless you and I – the customers – demand it. Every action (no matter how small) has real power to effect change. Look for alternatives, let companies know you want change, and for the sake of our environment, pick up any plastic you see, before it ends up on a beach like the one on Mana Island.